Saturday, May 23, 2020

Questions On African American Cultural Considerations

STUDENT NAME: Mickesha Linton DATE: 7/27/15 COURSE: NUR 2310C CLIENT INITIALS: M.S DATE OF ADMISSION 6-15-15 AGE: 12 GENDER: male HT: 163 cm WT: 58.1 kg ALLERGIES: Morphine, hydrocodone, naproxen, apple pectin, nuts, orange, shellfish, cinnamon, penicillin, hydrocodone. LIVING SITUATION Patient lives with mom, dad, and sister. There are no pets, weapons, or tobacco/drug use in the home. There has been no recent travel. Patient is currently in the 8th grade RACE/ETHNICITY: African American CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS: Primary language English. Often, African Americans turn to family, church and community to cope. The level of religious commitment among African Americans is high. In one study, approximately 85 percent of African Americans respondents described themselves as â€Å"fairly religious† or â€Å"religious† and prayer was among the most common way of coping with stress. Because African Americans often turn to community – family, friends, neighbors, community groups and religious leaders – for help, the opportunity exists for community health services to collaborate with local churches and community groups to provide mental health care and education to families and individuals. Studies have shown that family participation in a support group or a church group can improve the family’s ability to care for family members with mental disorders and cope with the emotional distress of being a caregiver. Communication with African American patients and families s hould be done in aShow MoreRelatedI Found The Article Mindful Reflections As A Process For Developing Culturally Responsive Practice1097 Words   |  5 Pagescolor, particularly African-Americans, in the category of emotional and behavioral disorder (EBD), although these students are underrepresented in the category of learning disabilities. Students of color also continue to experience higher rates of discipline referrals, as well as lower academic achievement (Dray Wisneksi, 2009). Caucasian educators often misinterpret the behaviors of poor and minority students because they do not understand their culture. African-American students primarily sufferRead MoreA Reflection On Cultural Humility1416 Words   |  6 PagesCULTURALLY HUMILITY PART I: Who am I? How do I identify myself? These two questions were the constant questions running through my mind as I envisioned writing a paper about cultural humility. First step, define cultural humility. Cultural humility, as I understand, is the ability for an individual to open their mind and be willing to learn about and find acceptance in differences between cultural identities. Answering the questions above and understanding the definition brought about some realizationsRead MoreHypertension In Nursing1340 Words   |  6 Pageswhich connects with the category with the NSCBSN of health promotion and maintenance which aims to improve patient’s lives with factors that are controllable. Importance Importance to Health of the Population Approximately as of 2014, 70 million Americans were diagnosed with hypertension which half deny having their hypertension under control. (Bazargan et al., 2014) Chronic elevated blood pressure can affect cardiovascular and renal health. Some of the unfortunate medical outcomes of uncontrolledRead MoreMass Medias Effects on Sterotyping992 Words   |  4 Pagesstereotype lessening are acknowledged, the mass of the research on inter-group relationships has concentrated on direct examination of stereotyping conduct in an interpersonal background (Tator Frances, 2006). On the other hand, taking into consideration that people generate stereotypes even with nominal or no express contact, the function of vicarious contact via mass media in triggering and altering existing stereotypes is a significant concern. Evidently, the economic structure of the contemporaryRead MoreCulturally Responsive Teaching : An Emerging Field1509 Words   |  7 PagesResponsive Teaching is an emerging field that focuses on student cultural backgrounds and experiences in the development of pedagogy. According to Kea (2013) cultural difference is the single largest difference in U.S. schools and also the most neglected. The goal of Culturally Responsive Teaching is to provide an equal opportunity for all students to learn in school, regardless of their gender, social class, ethnic, racial or cultural characteristics (Banks 2005). Ladson-Billings (1994) suggest thatRead MoreCultural1401 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Cultural Considerations Cultural diversity is normal in society today. People come from different races, cultures, and backgrounds. People have to learn the importance of respecting the culture of others. Everyone can learn from others. Superiority does not exist because of an individual’s culture. Some people from different cultural backgrounds believe that he or she is better than others but this is an untruth. Cultural concerns can have a negative influence on justice and security administrationRead MoreThe Challenges Of Stereotypes Within Africa1513 Words   |  7 Pageselaborates on human natures need to group people, places, and things, which creates the theory of superiority or dominance over races, cultures, and even religions. Keim’s opening argument dives directly into the how stereotypes are often misused by Americans and Europeans. Keim proposes that the main reason why stereotypes have endured or sustained, is societies overwhelming need to categorize and configurated. Keim suggests that in an ideal world, stereotypes regarding Africa would become abandonedRead MoreHow People View Mental Illness As A Whole ( Jimenez, Bartels, And Alegria1469 Words   |  6 Pages There are many different cultural influences that determine how people view mental illness as a whole (Jimenez, Bartels, Alegria, 2013). Recognizing different cultural attitudes towards healthcare and mental illnesses, such as depression, between several racial minority older adults with common mental illnesses is very important (Jimenez et al.). There are many differences between racial groups when looking at the older adults beliefs on the causes of mental illness, barriers theRead More Eating Disorders, Body Image and Cultural Contexts Essay1306 Words   |  6 PagesEating Disorders, Body Image and Cultural Contexts Although a great deal of early research on body image and eating disorders focused on upper/middle class Caucasians living in America or under the influence of Western ideals, many researchers are realizing that eating disorders are not isolated to this particular group. They are also realizing the differences in body image between occur in different races and genders (Pate, Pumariega, Hester 1992). Recently, several studies have shown that eatingRead MoreRestoring the History of African Americans in The Negro Digs Up His Past by Arthur Schomburg1018 Words   |  4 Pageswhich he complaint that somehow through the years African American history has been questioned and denied as many claim that Africans have no history at all. He uses this paper to illustrate the importance of recording the collective accomplishments of African Americans and that we must at all costs save any evidence, so that things like this do not happen again in the future. He wants to make sure to leave no plac e for doubts that African Americans have a history and is irrefutable in the eyes of

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Catcher in the Rye Holden Caulfields Mental Breakdown

J.D. Salinger s The Catcher in the Rye portrays a troubled teen in New York City. Over the few days the novel depicts, the boy displays his critical and unhealthy mindset. Eventually he has a mental breakdown. Through psychoanalysis of Holden Caulfield, one may suggest that Allie s death, social development, and an identity crisis are large contributing factors in Holden s mental breakdown. Allie Caulfield is an important person to Holden and his death affects him greatly. In response to his brother s passing, Holden attempts to recover by using defense mechanisms as a shield against reality. The concept of defense mechanisms strategies for avoiding or reducing threatening feelings such as fear and anxiety (Strickland 182). While†¦show more content†¦Because he believes himself to be good looking, his appearance is not an issue. However, he tends to push others away (probably unintentionally). Therefore, his peers avoid or ignore him. Peer rejection instigates low self-esteem in Holden, resulting in feelings of loneliness and depression in addition to social difficulties. Throughout the story, Holden frequently mentions feeling depressed and lonely. He also has problems getting along with people. Few outside his family desire him around. An example of this is occurs when Holden meets with Luce, an old prep school acquaintance, in a bar and is blatantly cast off . An impending identity crisis is another contributing factor in Holden s breakdown. According to Plotnik, Identity refers to how we describe ourselves and includes our values, goals, traits, interests and motivations (394). Erik Erikson theorized about identity by way of eight developmental periods during which an individual s primary goal is to satisfy desires associated with social needs (Plotnik 393). These stages span from infancy to old age. During adolescence, Erikson views people in the psychosocial stage of identity vs. role confusion. This stage involves finding a sense of self through trial and error. If this stage is unsuccessfully completed, the adolescent will experience roll-confusion, resulting in low self-esteem and social withdrawal. These people will likely feelShow MoreRelatedF. Salinger s The Catcher Of The Rye1121 Words   |  5 PagesD Salinger’s Catcher In The Rye deals with Holden Caulfield’s past trauma which is the triggering factor in his depression, anxiety and alienation. Holden tells an unnamed person what has happened in the three days prior to his mental breakdown. Through Holden’s relatable characteristics and Salinger’s narrative treatment, the book continues to engage audiences across generations. The way that Salinger writes gives the audience a very personal and insightful look into what Holden is feeling. It’sRead MoreHolden Caulfield s The Catcher Of The Rye1493 Words   |  6 PagesSalinger’s novel, The Catcher in the Rye, describes Holden Caulfield’s journey to understand the complexities of growing up and his purpose. In the beginning, he is in a mental hospital somewhere near Los Angeles and is writing about this â€Å"madman stuff† to a psychoanalyst. Holden flunked out of Pencey Prep and leaves his dormitory to go on a journey around New York to find his way through post-war New York society. At the same time, he is suffering from depression and is on the verge of mental collapse. EventuallyRead MoreTheme Analysis of Alienation in Books the Catcher in the Rye and 19841390 Words   |  6 Pagespre-Socialist societies, where the human Nature of man is made other than; alienate what man is really capable of being? The novels the Catcher in the Rye and 1984 Present Characters who’s Inability To conform to the norms of their Society Results in their Alienation. Alienation is a feeling of not belonging. This feeling can be physical, mental, Religious, spiritual, psychological, political, social, or economic and often it tends To be a combination of more than one of theseRead MoreThe Tragedy of Holden Caulfield Is That He Cannot Accept the Adult World He Is Too Old to Continue the Innocent Life of a Child1033 Words   |  5 PagesThe main concern of the novel The Catcher in the Rye is not only that the protagonist is trapped between childhood and adulthood, but also the alienation and regression caused by grief when the sufferer does not address their loss properly. Holden Caulfields nervous breakdown is largely due to the death of his younger brother. It is because of this that he fears change and maturity so much, specifically the loss of innocence. Holden cannot accept the complexities of the world; instead, he uses phoninessRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Young Folks By F. Salinger1627 Words   |  7 Pageshighly recognized and remembered for his novel, The Catcher in the Rye. J.D. Salinger’s short stories and writings are common in dealing with the physiological and emotional struggles of juveniles who are estranged from the far-fetched, materialistic world of their parents. The majority of the novel takes place in post war America in New York City. The whole story is being told by a young man named Holden Caulfield while he is recovering in a mental institution. The entire story is a flashback ofRead MoreDaisy Caulfield : Minor Character1424 Words   |  6 PagesA minor character in The Catcher in the Rye, written by J.D. Salinger, is Phoebe Caulfield, the main character, Holden’s younger sister. Holden describes his sister as not only the smartest kid in the world, but also a great dancer, and a very sympathetic listener. She’s also known as the funniest little sister ever. She is first introduced to readers when Holden says: â€Å"You d like her. I mean if you tell old Phoebe something, she knows exactly what the hell you re talking about. I mean you canRead MoreCatcher in the Rye1138 Words   |  5 PagesJ.D. Salingers The Catcher in the Rye provides a provocative inquiry into the crude life of a depressed adolescent, Holden Caulfi eld. Without intensive analysis and study, Holden appears to be a clearly heterosexual, vulgar yet virtuous, typical youth who chastises phoniness and decries adult evils. However, this is a fallacy. The finest manner to judge and analyze Holden is by his statements and actions, which can be irrefutably presented. Holden Caulfield condemns adult corruption and phoninessRead MoreComparative Study of Death of a Salesman and The Catcher in the Rye1981 Words   |  8 Pagesconcern for the welfare of the minority and no apprehension that ones success could lead to the downfall of another. ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ by J.D Salinger and ‘Death of a Salesman’ by Arthur Miller are both texts that were written throughout this time of social, cultural, spiritual and economic metamorphosis. ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ through the portrayal of Holden Caulfield, explores an individual’s tumultuous tale throughout city living and teenage years of post WW2 America, hoping to findRead MoreThe Death Of A Loved One1688 Words   |  7 Pages In the novel Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield’s life is forever altered by the death of his brother. When Holden’s kid brother Allie passes away, he does not have the expertise to handle the emotions that flood him, and he has a mental breakdown and chooses to run away from any potential emotional relationship. Holden begins to spiral downward when his brother is diagnosed with leukemia, but hits rock bottom and experiences the beginning of a mental breakdown when Allie succumbs

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Names of Common Flowers (Blumen) in German

Flowers are an ever-present part of the German landscape. In the middle  of  Lake Constance (Bodensee)  in southwest  Germany, for example, sits Mainau Island, also called the Island of Flowers. Flowers also play a significant role in German traditions and holidays. In the weeks prior to Easter, you will see spring flowers on display alongside Easter trees (ostereierbaum). So, as you study German, familiarize yourself with the names of flowers and related words. Parts of a Flower In the translations in this and the below sections, the name of the flower, or flower-related vocabulary, is listed on the left with the German translation on the right to help you find the term or phrase more easily. Before learning the names of various flowers, take a moment to memorize German words related to the parts of a flower—or  Ã¢â‚¬â€¹blumenbestandteile: Blossom die Blà ¼teBud die KnospeLeaf das BlattSeed der SamenStem der StengelThorn der Stachel Common Flower Names In Germany, several flowers are particularly abundant, including carnations, lilies, and roses, says  FloraQueen. However, many other types of flowers are also common in Germany. Familiarize yourself with flower names so that youll be able to speak knowledgeably about these plants with native speakers. Name of Flower in English German Translation Lily of the valley das Maiglà ¶ckchen Amaryllis die Amaryllis Anemone die Anemone Aster die Aster Baby's Breath das Schleierkraut Begonia die Begonie Blanket Flower die Kokardenblume, die Papageiblume Bleeding Heart das Trà ¤nende Herz Carnation die Nelke Columbine die Akelei Cornflower (Bachelor's Button) die Kornblume Crocus der Krokus Daffodil die Narzisse, die Osterglocke Dahlia die Dahlie Daisy das Gà ¤nseblà ¼mchen Dandelion der Là ¶wenzahn Echinacea der Sonnenhut,der Scheinsonnenhut Edelweiss das Edelweiß Forget me nots Vergissmeinnicht Galliardia die Gaillardie Geranium die Geranie Gladiolus die Gladiole Goldenrod die Goldrute Heather die Erika, das Heidekraut Hibiscus der Hibiskus, der Eibisch Hyacinth die Hyazinthe Iris die Iris, die Schwertlilie Jasmin der Jasmin, Echter Jasmin Jonquil die Jonquille Lavender der Lavendel Lilac der Flieder Lily die Lilie Marigold die Tagetes, die Ringelblume Orchid die Orchidee Pansy das Stiefmà ¼tterchen Peony die Pfingstrose, die Pà ¤onie Petunia die Petunie Poppy der Mohn, die Mohnblume Rose die Rose Snapdragon das Garten Là ¶wenmaul Snowdrop das Schneeglà ¶ckchen Sunflower die Sonnenblume Tulip die Tulpe Violet das Veilchen Zinnia die Zinnie Other Flower-Related Vocabulary As you study the names of common flowers and vocabulary related to flower parts, dont forget to familiarize yourself with flower-related vocabulary. Note that in German,  each noun, pronoun and article has four cases. Therefore, a common noun such as  Blumenstrauß—flower bouquet—may start with a capital letter, even if it does not begin a sentence and even though it would be lowercased in English. To bloom blà ¼henTo water gießenTo wilt   verwelkenFlower bouquet der BlumenstraußFlower shop der BlumenladenFlorist der Florist, der Blumenverkà ¤ufer Flower Idioms Once youve mastered the names and parts of flowers, impress your native-speaking friends with some well-known flower idioms—blumen redewendungen: To beat around the bush   durch die Blume  sagenTo push up radishes   Die Radieschen von  unten  anschauen/betrachten Though the second phrase is translated literally, in English, this idiom would more normally be translated as pushing up daisies (to be dead). Try out this saying the next time youre watching a mobster movie with your German-speaking friends.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Comparing Nineteen Eighty-Four and Utopia - 1994 Words

Parallels in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Utopia Literature is a mirror of life. In order to reflect their views on the problems in society, many authors of fiction, including Sir Thomas More of Utopia and George Orwell of Nineteen Eighty-Four, use parallels in character, setting, government, and society to link their works to the real world. Characters are the appendages of a literary work, without well rounded characters, a novel is not complete. In many situations, authors use certain distinguishing features of a well known figure in society to shape the character in their works. These realistic characters are the works link to the outside world. In the book Utopia, Thomas More presents himself as a character - the†¦show more content†¦The London presented in 1984 is a ruin with the reminders of constant warfare. There are half-torn buildings everywhere, and people live in horrid conditions, lacking in a steady electricity supply, rations, and running water. The London Orwell portrays is for the most part the naturalistically presented city during the Second World War and the years immediately afterward (Brown 92). In 1948, merely three years after the end of the Second World War, London was a torn-down city as a result of years of endless bombing and warfare. Perhaps Orwell saw this fact and wanted to includ e the dreadfulness of warfare in his novel. Warfare, consequently, is the wrongdoing of the government. As Thomas Paine once wrote, Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one. To reflect the political ideas of themselves, authors often incorporate into their works a style of government that dominates in the story. In Mores Utopia, the government is a democracy, where the citizens elect the syphogrant of their district. The syphogrants are comparable to the Members of Parliament who represent the public in England. The syphogrants then elect two hundred tranibors, a higher level of authority, and the tranibors elect the prince, the mayor of a city. The representatives of higher positions such as the tranibors and the prince, however,Show MoreRelatedFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pagesbank, containing all of the illustrations from the text, is also provided for inclusion in PowerPoint presentations. The slides have also been provided in handout form on the student companion site. Test Bank This resource contains approximately eighty questions per chapter, including multiple choice, true/false, matching, and completion questions. Computerized Test Bank This test bank, powered by Diploma, allows instructors to customize quizzes and exams for each chapter. Video Package Read MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagestheory’ How Roethlisberger developed a ‘practical’ organization theory Column 1: The core contributing social sciences Column 2: The techniques for analysis Column 3: The neo-modernist perspective Column 4: Contributions to business and management Four combinations of science, scientific technique and the neo-modernist approach reach different parts of the organization Level 1: Developing the organization Level 2: Managing the human resource 100 100 102 102 103 105 105 106 107 107 108 109 Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pageswould be the 130 million Chinese who have moved from the interior to the coastal provinces since 1990.4 Even more significant are the 900 million people who, in the early twenty-first century, have left their homes every year for more than twenty-four hours and â€Å"not more than one consecutive WORLD MIGRATION IN THE LONG TWENTIETH CENTURY †¢ 11 year for leisure, business or other purposes,† as tourists are described by the World Tourism Organization.5 Much of this mobility is a continuation

Search and Seizure Free Essays

Abstract â€Å"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized† (Hudson, 2010, p. 363). In this essay we will explore what is reasonableness under the Fourth Amendment. We will write a custom essay sample on Search and Seizure or any similar topic only for you Order Now A discussion of consensual encounters vs. etentions concerning search and seizure, we will also discus important cases that shape the fundamentals procedures of search and seizure. According to Rutledge (2010) p. 109, reasonableness may have up four factors to consider: Justification, scope, place, and manner of execution. He also makes a valid point to state that even if an officer were to have the first three factors, justification, scope, and place the fourth is the most important because it could invalidate the search and seizure if its not done properly. A justifiable search could have many factors that would allow an officer to conduct a proper search or make a lawful detention and stops. One of them is a search warrant, which carries a limited authority to detain persons present and also search the property detailed on the warrant. Another is a criminal profile; an example would be of a drug dealer that would fit the physical description given to the officer. Anonymous tip, multiple informant’s, an example is like two or more persons able to identify someone that has committed a crime, and of course police observation. However if the officer sees something suspicious he/she has to articulate why such person has broken the law and given him/her probable cause to do a warrantless search or detention on such said person. Scope falls in the actual process of the search, meaning that you could only reasonably search with in the search area, an example that my teacher Mr. Enos discussed in class, was if your searching for alcohol in a vehicle then you could only search were alcohol could be reasonably hidden inside a car. Place refers to a public or private area, an example is you could search the immediate area of a public place like a park, but you can’t search someone’s back yard without a warrant. Lastly the Manner of Execution, which refers too the manner in which the officer caries out the search and his/her understanding of the individuals rights, and example would be that you could do a weapon pat down, which is literally just a pat down of the individuals clothe and don’t actually searching pockets and such. Also it helps the officer to diffuse the situation if the officer was to ask not demand and example would be â€Å"could I pat you down for my own protection? † (Rutledge 2010, p. 111). Consensual encounters are when an individual has agreed to talk to an officer on his/her own free will; such said person can at any time terminate the conversation and leave. An officer is able to lawfully approach anyone in a public setting and engage in a conversation. Also Rutledge advises that an officer can knock on the front door of a suspect to attempt a consensual encounter with the suspect, he can also approach a park vehicle to do the same (p. 110). Also its ok to shine a flash light on someone and ask to talk and the reason being I believe is for the safety of the officer and the communities, its reasonable I think to want to know who is lurking in the dark. Also its reasonable that its consensual when you ask people certain things like, for identification, and show of hands, because its for the safety of the officer and also to expedite the situation along. The definition of Detention according to Rutledge is â€Å" A detention occurs when a person submits to something the officer says or does that would communicate to a reasonable person that he/she is no longer free to leave† (2010 p. 10). However that’s only true when you have a probable cause or reasonable suspicion for such an action. The use of hunches or suspicions with any grounds is not justifiable, also if a person is hanging out in a high crime area you cant just detain them for that, also random car stops for drivers license’s check is unjustif iable, you could do sobriety checkpoints lawfully and also witness checkpoints, that’s when there is a brief stop to pass out flyers to find a suspect/felon or to seek a witness out for a nearby crime (p112). Some of the Cases I thought were interesting and that help shape the methods of Search and Seizure were California vs. Greenwood, Katz vs. U. S, and Whren vs. U. S. California vs. Greenwood was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Fourth Amendment does not prohibit the warrantless search and seizure of garbage left for collection outside the premise of a home. What happen in this case was that an investigator had various sources saying that Mr. Greenwood sold illegal drugs out of his home. So the investigator asked the trash collector if he could bring the trash to her, and sure enough there was drug paraphernalia in the trash bags (Wikipidia). In the case of Katz vs. U. S. the issue was a warrantless search and seizure in a violation of the fourth amendment? The situation was as followed Katz used a certain phone booth for interstate bookmaking and those conversations were being tape by some agents and those tapes were used to convict Katz of federal crimes. However Katz contended that the interception of his phone calls were in violation of his fourth amendment rights, and the courts a greed and reverse Katz’s conviction stating that the search had not being pre-approve by the judge and was warrantless therefore illegal (Rutledge p. 158). In the case of Whren vs. US the issue is can a traffic stop be used as a pretext to stop a vehicle for investigative purpose? (Rutledge p. 167). Under cover narcotics officers saw a vehicle make two traffic violations and made stop to issue a warning when they spotted Mr. Whren with crack cocaine in his hands. Whren was arrested and prosecuted, but he fought, saying that the traffic stop was an excuse to make a narcotic investigation. However the court ruled in favor of the officer that they did have the right to the arrest because it did not violate the Fourth Amendment (Rutledge p. 168). In conclusion I have cover several topics in which Search and Seizure have being explain. Such has what is a reasonable search under the Fourth Amendment, and what is a consensual encounter and what is a detention. Also I have covered a couple of cases that have help shape the methods of search and seizures. REFERENCE Hudson, David L. , (2010) THE HANDY LAW ANSWER BOOK, pg. 363, Visible Ink Press Rutledge, Devallis, (2010 by LawTech Publishing) Californias Peace Officers’ Legal and Search Seizure Field Sourceguide, pg. 109-112, 158, 167-168. Retrieved May12, 2010 http://supreme. justia. com/us/486/35/case. html California vs. Greenwood,486 (paragraph1-2) How to cite Search and Seizure, Papers

Perceived Independence And Audit Litigation -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Perceived Independence And Audit Litigation? Answer: Introducation APES 110 Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants, Section 130 states that the auditors need consider the limitation of the audit profession while making their clients. It implies that the auditors do not have any right to make false promises to their clients. In this situation, Berowra Accountants do not have the right to provide advertise for guarantee tax refund as tax refund is not in their hands. Thus, Berowra Accountants have violated the principle of Professional Competence and Due Care (Houghton and Campbell 2013). APES 110 Professional Appointment, Section 210 states that the auditors are needed to determine that whether their new contract has negative effects on the fundamental principles of audit profession or not. The nature of athletic clubs is not-for-profit societies. As per APES 110, the auditors will violate no auditing fundamental principles for holding any position of not-for-profit societies (William Jr, Glover and Prawitt 2016). In addition, the port in local athletic club will not affect the audit operations of Jamie Harvey in large corporations. Thus, no ethical principle is violated in this situation. As per APES 110 Principle of Objectivity, Section 120 states there should not be any compromise in the audit opinion or judgment due to any kind of biasness, conflict of interest or any other influence. In the provided situation, it can be seen that Monlec Ltd might want favorable audit opinion by make the payment dependent on audit opinion. Thus, in case Pymble Accountants provides favorable audit opinion, they will violate the Principle of Objectivity (Houghton and Campbell 2013). According to APES 110 Principles of Confidentiality, Section 140, the auditors are professionally obliged for maintaining the confidentiality of obtained information of audit client while providing professional services to them. Thus, in this situation, Winton Accountants have violated the Confidentiality principle of audit profession (William Jr, Glover and Prawitt 2016). APES 110, Self-review Threat, Section 100.12 states that the audit member are not allowed for using the results of previous audit opinion developed by another audit member in the same audit team. In this situation, Thornleigh Accountants are intending to include Jane Davis for the audit operation in Jenkins Ltd due to her knowledge about the internal matter of the company. Thus, this action has revoked Self-interest Threat of auditing (Wright and Capps 2012). APES 110, Intimidation Threat, Section 200.8 states that the auditors are not required to accept any kind of accounting papers from the audit client as the auditors can feel pressurized to deliver favorable audit opinion. The auditors need to find conclusive evidences from their own. In this situation, in case John Darrow accepts the papers from Winmalee Ltd, they will Intimidation Threat of audit principles (Schmidt 2012). According to APES 110, Self-interest Threat, Section 100.12, the auditors should not have any kind of financial or non-financial interest in the audit client as it can affect the fairness of audit opinion. In the provided situation, the auditors get invitation from the chocolate company to visit their plant and social club. Thus, in case, the auditors accept the invitation, there will be a Self-interest Threat of auditors independence (Wright and Capps 2012). In the provided situation, it can be seen that the debt position of the company is weak as the company is facing major difficulties in repaying their debts and the bank needs repayment of their loans. However, the auditors have not found any material misstatements in the financial statements of the company. It indicates that there is not any manipulation in the financial statements of the company. Thus, the auditors will issue Unqualified audit opinion (Rahimania, Tavakolnia and Karamlou 2014). From the provided situation, it can be seen that the effects of not changing the inventory valuation method from LIFO to FIFO has material effects on the inventory of the company. However, apart from inventory, the auditors of the company have not found material misstatements in other portions of the financial statements. For this reason, the auditors will issues Qualified audit opinion along with a separate paragraph stating the reasons for not-being the unqualified audit opinion (Foroghi and Shahshahani 2012). Companies needs to do the valuation of their factory and plants in order to minimize the gap between carrying value and fair market value. In the provided situation, it can be seen that the directors of Victorian Manufacturing Company believe that there the market value of Melbourne factory has not changed over the five years. In case the assumption of directors is wrong, it can have major material effects on the audit process. Thus, due to lack of audit evidence, the auditors will issues Disclaimer audit opinion (Foroghi and Shahshahani 2012). References Foroghi, D. and Shahshahani, A.M., 2012. Audit firm size and going-concern reporting accuracy.Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business,3(9), pp.1093-1098. Houghton, K. and Campbell, T., 2013.Ethics and auditing(p. 354). ANU Press. RAHIMIAN, N., TAVAKOLNIA, E. and KARAMLOU, M., 2014. Qualified Audit Opinion and Debt Maturity Structure. Schmidt, J.J., 2012. Perceived auditor independence and audit litigation: The role of nonaudit services fees.The Accounting Review,87(3), pp.1033-1065. William Jr, M., Glover, S. and Prawitt, D., 2016.Auditing and assurance services: A systematic approach. McGraw-Hill Education. Wright, M.K. and Capps, C.J., 2012. Auditor independence and internal information systems audit quality.Business Studies Journal,4(2), pp.63-84.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Foundations of Professional Planning -

Question: Discuss about theFoundations of Professional Planningfor Hospitality. Answer: The Industry When I graduate, I intend to join the hospitality/tourism industry. This industry is considered as the amalgamation of several different kinds of service industries such as the theme parks, cruise lines, transportation and others (Mok Sparks and Kadampully 2013). The hospitality industry is considered as the multi-billion industry that is dependent on leisure and the disposable income of the population. Tourism industry in Australia is considered as the most important contributor in the economy of Australia. Tourism industry represents 3% of the GDP of Australia and it also plays an important role in the national economy (Tribe 2015). I feel that tourism industry has great contribution to the society. The tourism industry presents rich culture of a country to the foreign visitors (Su and Lin 2014). The traditions, places of interest and the festivals of Australia are depicted well and this is being done by tourism sector (Mok Sparks and Kadampully 2013). This industry also has the ca pability of justified representation of the traditional as well as cultural diversity of Australia. The indigenous communities of Australia are being affected by the tourism industry. I feel that the Aborigines are being employed by the varied job roles that are provided by the tourism sector. If the Aborigines have good communication skills, adequate literacy levels in English and able to adopt different cultural styles, then they would be eligible for various job opportunities in the tourism sector (Sharpley and Telfer 2014). The tourism industry is different in various countries of the world and it has been seen that while some of the countries have developed successful tourism industry, other have failed to do so. In developing countries, tourism can be a source for driving major economic growth while in the developed countries, it may be another contributor in the national economy (Baker Merkert and Kamruzzaman 2015). Tourism is instrumental in maintaining adequate amount of social interaction between the host community and the tourists. It creates a place where there is mutual appreciation, tolerance, awareness, learning and understanding. The tourism is responsible for the education of the people in the host countries, whereas it is also instrumental in the development of the socio-economic position of the country. There are number of different job roles in the hospitality sector. I have number of different opportunities when it comes to employment in this sector. This industry has several entry-level jobs but it also provides opportunities for managerial position and high hierarchical positions (McGinley et al. 2014). I can be recruited as concierge, who has a direct interaction with the customers and they often act as a liaison between the hotel and the customers. There are opportunities for executive chefs, including a number of kitchen jobs such as waiters, kitchen staffs and the kitchen managers (Mok Sparks and Kadampully 2013). There are also opportunities for general manager and housekeepers who are responsible for overall administration of the hotel and maintaining optimal level of cleanliness respectively. The primary areas of the hospitality industry are- accommodation, pubs, licensed clubs, cafes, restaurants and casinos (Tasci et al. 2016). The industry has witnessed a tremendous gr owth since its inception. The Australian Hotels Association (AHA) is the peak body in this sector, which has over 5000 members that is spread across the territories and states of the country (Manoharan Gross and Sardeshmukh 2014). This apex body represents almost 24 million visitors of Australia and the rich hotel culture of the country. Professional Skills I aspire to become the general manager of the hotel in which I would be working. This role would require me to supervise the guest services, front desk, kitchen manager and others. I need to make sure that all the departments are running smoothly and they ensure maximum guest satisfaction. There are requirements that are important for getting employed in this sector. I need to have good management skills, detail oriented and highly numerate. I would require that I need to connect with guests and create a positive work environment. I need to create constant memorable experiences so that the guests would be coming in the hotel time and again. The code of ethics of the profession are several and I need to adhere to them. I should respect the confidentiality of the guests information and should maintain anonymity of the client. I should also abide by the provisions of the Employment Agencies Act and Equal Employment Opportunities. I have found out that the industry experts opine that the ideal candidates wishing to work in this industry should have prior general manager experience and prior exposure to this industry. They also opine that I need to show clear leadership patterns and direct all the team members. I should be able to communicate well with the guests so that I can take their orders. Personal Skills I have identified throughout my college life that I am good at leading a team of people. I was the sports captain and hence I am sure that I have the capability to lead a team in my workplace too. I am a people person and hence would be able to manage my group of people at the hotel. I have charming personality and I am successful in controlling emotions and hence I would be able to be successful as the general manager of a hotel. I am able to know that these are my strengths because I was appreciated by my faculty members. I was also class representative, which would not be possible if I lacked communication skills or I lacked appropriate personality. References Baker, D., Merkert, R. and Kamruzzaman, M., 2015. Regional aviation and economic growth: cointegration and causality analysis in Australia.Journal of Transport Geography,43, pp.140-150. Manoharan, A., Gross, M.J. and Sardeshmukh, S.R., 2014. Identity-conscious vs identity-blind: Hotel managers use of formal and informal diversity management practices.International Journal of Hospitality Management,41, pp.1-9. McGinley, S., ONeill, J., Damaske, S. and Mattila, A.S., 2014. A grounded theory approach to developing a career change model in hospitality.International Journal of Hospitality Management,38, pp.89-98. Mok, C., Sparks, B. and Kadampully, J., 2013.Service quality management in hospitality, tourism, and leisure. Routledge. Sharpley, R. and Telfer, D.J. eds., 2014.Tourism and development: concepts and issues(Vol. 63). Channel View Publications. Su, Y.W. and Lin, H.L., 2014. Analysis of international tourist arrivals worldwide: The role of world heritage sites.Tourism Management,40, pp.46-58. Tasci, A.D., Pizam, A., Croes, R. and Chen, P.J., 2016. The return on investment for undergraduate degrees in hospitality and tourism management.Tourism Economics,22(3), pp.505-526. Tribe, J., 2015.The economics of recreation, leisure and tourism. Routledge.